9 – Nationalities
When talking about general characteristics of people from countries we do use the.
e.g. the British, the French, the Japanese, the Chinese.
The British people, in general, are extremely fond of their pets.
The Japanese are an industrious people.
The Chinese are a friendly people.
Exceptions for nationalities
In general, do not use the with nationalities ending in s – Americans, Canadians, Russians, Australians, Danes, South Africans, Jamaicans, Mexicans, Koreans.
Americans are very friendly people.
Equality is important for Danes.
10 – Countries
We do use the for countries with names in the plural, and countries which include words like States, Islands, Republic, United, Federation, Democratic, etc.
the United Kingdom, the United States, the Philippines, the Netherlands, the Canary Islands, the Dominican Republic, The Bahamas.
***Capitalise The when it is included in the official name (The Bahamas).
Exceptions within countries
The Gambia (singular with The)
Barbados (plural without The)
11 – Geographical features
We do use the with mountain ranges, rivers, seas and oceans.
the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, the Thames, the Rhine, the Amazon, the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea
Exceptions within geographical features
We do not use the with single mountains or lakes.
The Mount Everest – ✘ incorrect.
Mount Everest – ✓Correct.
Mount Fuji, Snowdonia, Ben Nevis, Mount Kilimanjaro, Lake Michigan, Lake Ontario