12 – Buildings
We do use the with famous buildings including: galleries, hotels, monuments, museums, restaurants and so on.
e.g. The Louvre, the British Museum, the Prado, the Plaza, the White House, the Eiffel Tower, the Taj Mahal.
Do not capitalise the in the building name, unless it appears as the first word in a sentence.
The jewels on display in the Louvre disappeared.
Can you take us to the British Museum?
Exception 1 – building names containing ‘of’
If the building name contains ‘of’ then we also do use the.
e.g. the Houses of Parliament, the Leaning Tower of Pisa, the Great Pyramid of Giza, the Great Wall of China
Exceptions 2 – if the place is also someone’s name
We do not use the when the first word of the title is someone’s or something’s name.
e.g. Westminster Abbey, Buckingham Palace, Cambridge University
Exception 3 – roads, streets and parks
Generally, we do not use the with roads, streets or parks.
e.g. Fifth Avenue, Piccadilly Circus, Cat Street, Princes Street, Guozijian Street
***But there are some exceptions to this exception:
The Strand (a famous road in London)
The Mall (as above)
The High Street
Additional Note – many roads in the centre of English towns are called ‘the High Street’. In addition, if you do not know the actual name of the main shopping road in the town you are in you can just say ‘”the High Street” and people will know what you are talking about.
The main road
As in the previous example, ‘the main road’ is a general way to talk about a road with lots of traffic or the biggest road in the town or village if you do not know the actual name of the road.
13 – Companies
We do not use the when talking about companies.
Apple, Microsoft, Sony, Lenovo, Samsung, 20th Century Fox, Canon, etc.
Sony is a household name all over the world.
Samsung are a huge company.
Exception for companies
However, if you use the word company + the company name then do use the.
The computer and smartphone company Apple today announced a new factory opening.
The Korean company Samsung announced a record profit for the past year.
14 – Organisations
We do use the when talking about organisations.
the European Union, the Red Cross, the United Nations, the BBC, the World Health Organisation
The withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union.
The BBC broadcast the new Sherlock Holmes series.
She contributed to the Red Cross.